NSG - Nuclear Suppliers Group and the Zangger Committee
In 1978, the major nuclear supplier countries (Nuclear Suppliers Group – NSG) agreed on guidelines for nuclear exports. Today, the revised and amended guidelines apply to a jointly-agreed list of nuclear and nuclear-related dual use equipment, material and technologies that might be diverted to unsafeguarded nuclear fuel cycle or nuclear explosive activities. The NSG Guidelines are implemented by each Participating Government in accordance with its national laws and practices. Decisions on export licenses are taken at the national level in accordance with national export licensing requirements. Currently, 45 countries including Germany participate in the work of this group.
The jointly agreed export conditions under NSG guidelines exceed those of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). In particular, they include conditions for technology transfer.
Since 1974 the Zangger Committee, a body cooperating with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna, issues lists of fissile material and nuclear-related goods, the export of which requires safeguards in the receiving state. Currently, the Zangger Committee consists of 36 states including Germany.